Its 2.0-liter vehicles were equipped with software that could determine whether or not the vehicle was undergoing testing. VW also agreed to allow an independent corporate compliance monitor for the duration of its probation, which is at least three years.
Two former VW engineers, Oliver Schmidt, 48, and James Liang, 63, both German citizens, pleaded guilty to participating in the conspiracy.
Five other VW execs and managers have been indicted but remain at large. All men are German citizens and are believed to be in Germany.
States Sue Trump Administration Over Plans to Weaken Emissions Standards
Xavier Becerra announced that they have filed the state's 10th, and potentially most consequential, lawsuit against the U.S. Becerra said the standards set in 2012 are "achievable, science-based and a boon for hardworking American families".
The 70-year-old stepped down from the German carmaker in September 2015, following revelations that the company had been cheating on diesel engine emissions tests using software created to dupe regulators.
Winterkorn was CEO of Volkswagen when the automaker admitted it had cheated USA emissions tests and its cars illegally polluted up to 40 times more than allowed by federal law. The study of on-road performance found that one emitted up to 35 times the allowable amount of toxic nitrogen oxide.
The public prosecutor of Braunschweig, in Germany, meanwhile is also still investigating the scandal. The memo was attached to a cover note authored by another senior executive and was addressed to Winterkorn, prosecutors allege. The memo predicted that the U.S. would open an investigation into the discrepancy. Eight other individuals have now been charged by USA authorities in the scandal.
In March past year, VW paid a $2.8 billion fine after pleading guilty to deceiving U.S. regulators with the defeat devices.
Indian Officials Upset By Lack Of Progress In Fighting Air Pollution
The PM2.5 includes pollutants like sulfate, nitrate and black carbon, which pose the greatest risk to human health. India targets to reach 80 million households by 2020.
The indictment is, however, likely to be largely symbolic.
Winterkorn had served as VW's CEO and management board chairman from January 2007 until September 2015.
The indictment alleges that Winterkorn knew of the emissions cheating as far back as May 2014, and that he was informed again of it in July 2015.
VW admitted in September 2015 that it outfitted about 11 million diesel cars worldwide with a defeat device, embedded software that permitted vehicles to recognize when they were being tested in laboratory conditions, and to reduce emissions to meet acceptable levels.
Diseases from mosquitoes, ticks on the rise — CDC
Warmer weather has also made tick and mosquito season longer, and mosquitoes tend to become more infectious during heat waves. Educate the public about how to prevent bites and control germs spread by mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas in their communities.
- Australia's Largest Bank Admits Losing Records Of 20 Million Customers
- Blasts kill around 20 in northeast Nigeria's Mubi - Adamawa police commissioner
- Narendra Modi should spell out which ideology he follows: Kharge
- United States military plane crash carried nine personnel
- National Basketball Association warns Drake after verbal sideline altercation with Kendrick Perkins
- This year's Kentucky Derby doesn't feature a clear underdog
- Amazon announces major expansion in Boston
- SC Collegium defers decision on Justice KM Josephs elevation
- Oil pares gains, market supported by Iran worries
- Independent bloc solons raise concerns over China missiles