On Tuesday, July 31, Mars will be closer to Earth than it has been in decades.
Mars is the most Earth-like planet in our solar system.
The basic idea behind making Mars habitable, also known as "terraforming", is to release enough of the carbon dioxide trapped in the planet's surface to thicken the atmosphere, heating up the planet enough to keep water in a liquid state.
The best place to watch Mars in closest position to Earth is in the Southern Hemisphere, which means India is not in the best location for this celestial phenomenon.
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"Mars will be closest today, 31 July, but it will be very close for many weeks meaning telescope owners can get superb close-up views for a couple of months at least", said David Moore, editor of Astronomy Ireland magazine.
Each planet has its own orbit around the sun, and takes a fixed time to complete a revolution around it.
The distance between the planets will be a record low.
Another interesting fact is that the longest "blood moon" eclipse of this century also coincided with Mar's closest approach on Friday to allow sky gazers an opportunity of a thrilling astronomical double bill. Since the orbits of the two planets are of different lengths, they come close to each other once every two years. Mars will both be brighter and appear bigger than it has since 2003, when it was 34.6 million miles (55.7 million kilometers) away.
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Earth's neighboring planet, Mars, is closer than it has been in the past 15 years, offering unusually bright views of the Red Planet's auburn hues.
Mars will be the bright reddish star below the moon, near the horizon. In 2003, Mars made its closest approach to Earth-34.6 million miles-in almost 60,000 years.
This phenomenon is expected to occur next in 2034.
We may never see the red planet so near for another 269 years. However, a massive dust storm engulfing the Red planet is obscuring the surface details which are normally visible through telescopes. When Mars is closest to the Sun, hevau winds are generated due to maximum haeting and high temperatures. But new research backed by NASA finds that even nuking the Red Planet won't be enough to convert it into another Earth.
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Griffith Observatory in Los Angeles is the public viewing spot, where Mars can be seen with naked eye.
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